Everything You Need To Know About Taxes Levied by the Indian Government


Taxation forms the backbone of a nation’s economy, providing the necessary funds for infrastructure development, public services, and welfare programs. In India, the tax system is complex and comprises various taxes levied by both the central and state governments. This blog will explore the different types of taxes imposed by the Indian government, helping you understand their significance and impact on individuals and businesses.

1. Direct Taxes

Direct taxes are those that are paid directly to the government by the individual or organization on whom they are imposed. Here are the primary types of direct taxes in India:

a. Income Tax

  • Description: Levied on the income earned by individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), and corporations.
  • Structure: Progressive, with higher rates applied to higher income brackets.
  • Impact: Individuals and entities with higher earnings pay more tax, contributing to equity in the tax system.

b. Corporate Tax

  • Description: Imposed on the net income or profit of corporations.
  • Structure: Different rates for domestic companies and foreign companies.
  • Impact: A major source of revenue for the government, affecting business profitability and investment decisions.

c. Capital Gains Tax

  • Description: Charged on the profit earned from the sale of assets like property, stocks, or bonds.
  • Structure: Classified into short-term and long-term, with different rates applicable.
  • Impact: Influences investment strategies and the timing of asset sales.

d. Wealth Tax (Abolished in 2015)

  • Description: Previously levied on the net wealth of individuals and HUFs above a certain threshold.
  • Impact: Abolished to simplify the tax structure, replaced by a surcharge on super-rich taxpayers.

2. Indirect Taxes

Indirect taxes are those that are levied on goods and services and are collected by intermediaries (such as retailers) from the end consumers. Here are the primary types of indirect taxes in India:

a. Goods and Services Tax (GST)

  • Description: A comprehensive tax on the manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods and services.
  • Structure: Divided into Central GST (CGST), State GST (SGST), and Integrated GST (IGST) for interstate transactions.
  • Impact: Simplifies the tax structure by replacing multiple indirect taxes, promoting ease of doing business.

b. Customs Duty

  • Description: Levied on goods imported into India.
  • Structure: Includes Basic Customs Duty, Countervailing Duty, and Special Additional Duty.
  • Impact: Protects domestic industries from foreign competition, generates revenue, and regulates imports.

c. Excise Duty (Subsumed under GST)

  • Description: Previously imposed on the manufacture of goods within India.
  • Impact: Now largely replaced by GST, except for specific items like alcohol and petroleum products.

d. Service Tax (Subsumed under GST)

  • Description: Previously charged on services provided.
  • Impact: Now subsumed under GST, leading to a more unified tax system for goods and services.

3. Other Taxes

Apart from the primary direct and indirect taxes, there are several other taxes that contribute to the government’s revenue:

a. Property Tax

  • Description: Levied by local municipal authorities on the value of property.
  • Impact: Funds local infrastructure and public services.

b. Stamp Duty

  • Description: Charged on legal documents related to the transfer of property, shares, and other assets.
  • Impact: An important source of revenue for state governments.

c. Professional Tax

  • Description: Imposed by state governments on professionals such as doctors, lawyers, and chartered accountants.
  • Impact: Contributes to state revenues and is used for professional welfare measures.

d. Entertainment Tax (Subsumed under GST)

  • Description: Previously levied on entertainment activities like movie tickets, exhibitions, and amusement parks.
  • Impact: Now included under GST, providing a more streamlined tax structure.


Understanding the different types of taxes levied by the Indian government is crucial for both individuals and businesses. Taxes play a significant role in the country’s economic development, funding essential services and infrastructure projects. While direct taxes ensure that those who earn more contribute more, indirect taxes provide a broad revenue base by taxing consumption. Staying informed about the tax structure helps in better financial planning and compliance, ensuring that you contribute your fair share to the nation’s growth and prosperity. For more information checkout-

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